Energy sustains our way of life. Everything we do involves energy in some form or another. World economies are extremely reliant on energy, especially in the form of non-renewable fossil fuels, and particularly oil commodities. This poses questions such as, which sectors are using energy products and are they being used efficiently?
Then there are the environmental issues of burning fossil fuels. Production of greenhouse gases from fossil fuel combustion such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O) are believed to be warming the environment we live in (‘greenhouse effect’). Some scientific models predict that this warming could eventually lead to sea level rises. This could pose serious problems for New Zealand, considering that most major cities are situated near the coast.
Finally, the combustion of fossil fuels poses risks to health through the production of carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx) which contribute to asthma rates and lung and heart disease and non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) which are primarily carcinogens (cancer causing).
This report presents national and industry level information on energy demand, economic activity, and gas emissions. The industry level information contained in this report is important as it provides the means to adapt policies to individual industries and activities.
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