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Time use references

This page continues from the time use page, which has the most recent information.

Reports and articles

Factors contributing to time spent on paid and unpaid work: A regression analysis of Time Use Survey data
The study of time spent on different activities rather than the study of people can offer new insights as well as new challenges.

Measuring unpaid work : A comparison of activity diary and questionnaire estimates (published 2008)
The Time Use Survey is the primary source of data on unpaid work in New Zealand. Because it is conducted only once every 10–12 years, data on unpaid work is also collected in New Zealand's five-yearly Census of Population and Dwellings, providing interim data between time use surveys.

Around the clock – Findings from the New Zealand Time Use Survey: 1998/99 (published 2001)
Although everyone has exactly 24 hours in every day, people allocate their time very differently. The amount of time they spend on productive work (both paid and unpaid), leisure activities and personal care varies.

Gender and unpaid work: Findings from the Time Use Survey (published 2001)
Article from Key Statistics that looks at unpaid work and how it varies for different groups. It particularly examines differences in participation in unpaid work between men and women.

Measuring unpaid work in New Zealand: 1999
Report produced by Statistics New Zealand with the financial support of the Ministry of Women’s Affairs.

Time use – time for culture
Article looking at the time New Zealanders spend on cultural activities. This was a joint Statistics New Zealand and Ministry for Culture and Heritage publication.

New Zealand Time Use Survey 1999 (published 2000) 
Article from Key Statistics. It is based on New Zealand's first Time Use Survey and describes how paid and unpaid work interrelate over the life cycle for men and women.

Conference papers

Approaches in activity classifications for Time Use Surveys (presented 2011)
Classifications of activities form an integral component of any Time Use survey particularly in enabling the measurement of the time spent on different economic and non-economic activities within households.

How New Zealanders spend their time and how we classify it (presented 2008)
Paper outlining the main features of the creation of the activity classification for the next time use survey.

Measuring passive childcare in time use surveys: a comparison of international methodologies (presented 2008) 
Paper comparing the time recorded in caring (passive and active) in the New Zealand Time Use Survey and other time use surveys that use alternative and similar methodologies for recording passive care. 

External articles

Housing in New Zealand: Private assets with public consequences
Presentation by the University of Otago.

Working towards higher living standards for New Zealanders (published 2011)
Report describing how Treasury thinks about and works towards its vision of "higher living standards for New Zealanders".

Men's participation in unpaid care – A review of the literature (published 2009)
This paper summarises the results of a comprehensive literature review examining the barriers and supports for men's greater participation in unpaid care. Published by the Department of Labour.

pdf icon. Quality of life indicators for Māori: A discussionn document for the Māori Potential Forecast Report (PDF, 91 pages, 1.5mb, published 2007)
Paper aiming to present the current thinking in Te Puni Kōkiri on Māori quality of life and well-being.

Home is where the heart is – most of the time (published 2007)
This brief report provides estimates of the amount of time that New Zealander’s spend in the indoor home ‘microenvironment’ using the most complete available New Zealand data. Published by the New Zealand Medical Association. 

The changing gender distribution of paid and unpaid work in New Zealand (published 2005)
This paper explores five main questions regarding the gender distribution of work, primarily in the context of couples with young children. Published by The Treasury.

pdf icon. Multiple job holding data from the Time Use Survey 1998/99 (PDF, 35 pages, 254kb, published 2005)
Working paper examining data on multiple job holding from the Time Use Survey and discusses the usefulness of this data set in relation to data from the Census of Population and Dwellings. Published by Taylor Baines and Associates. 

Time-use data and work-life policy development (published 2004)
Research illustrating how the New Zealand Time Use Survey can provide an understanding of the way New Zealanders manage their work and family lives. Published by the Ministry of Social Development.

pdf icon. A double burden or the best of both worlds? A research note on simultaneous paid work and childcare in New Zealand (PDF, 18 pages, 215kb, published 2004)
In this research note we undertake an initial exploration of the amount of simultaneous childcare and paid work being carried out by parents in New Zealand. Published by Callister and Associates.

New Zealanders' working time and home work patterns: Evidence from the New Zealand Time Use Survey (published 2001)
This report uses data from the New Zealand Time Use Survey 1998/99 to analyse the timing and location of paid work. Published by the Department of Labour.

Work sharing: Its potential to reduce unemployment in New Zealand (published 1994)
Report considering the potential of work sharing measures to reduce unemployment in New Zealand. Published by the Department of Labour.

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